How to reduce premature ageing

How to reduce premature ageing

To understand how to reduce premature ageing. First, you need to understand ageing. There are two different types of ageing.


The first type occurs naturally as we get older. This genetic, or intrinsic, ageing is caused by hormone changes which lead to a loss of collagen. Collagen acts as a support structure for the skin. Sadly, when our collagen levels drop, so does our skin, and we will notice more sagging and prominent wrinkles. Another factor affecting this type of ageing is a cellular recession, where cell turnover and metabolism slow down, which means our skin doesn’t generate new cells as quickly as before.


Unfortunately, we can’t do anything about genetic ageing. This is something that’s passed down from generation to generation. If your parents stayed quite youthful looking into their later years, there’s a chance that you will too.


But we can do something about the second type of ageing – environmental or extrinsic ageing. This is determined by external factors – our lifestyle and the things that we do on a day-to-day basis.

So, what are those factors, and how can we minimise their effects?


Sun exposure

The biggest, single cause of premature skin ageing is the sun. Over time, the sun’s UV light damages the elastin fibres in the skin, which causes it to stretch. It loses the ability to snap back into shape after stretching.


One of the easiest things you can do is stay out of the sun, wherever possible. Whether you can see the sun or not, when you are outside, make sure that you wear sun protection of SPF 30 or higher every day.



Next on the list for ageing, the skin quickly is smoking. Causing decreased flow of oxygen to the skin, smoking can have a profound and permanent effect on the appearance of the skin. It can increase free radical production, which breaks down collagen, leading to sagging. Skin can become quite dull, and wrinkles become pronounced, especially around the mouth.


Kick the habit – the earlier the better.



A healthy, balanced diet is key to healthy, glowing skin.


Studies have shown that diets that contain a lot of sugar and refined carbohydrates can increase the ageing process. An excess of sugar can cause glycation, which can harden the collagen and elastin fibres that keep skin springy. Drinking alcohol can dehydrate the skin too, which makes lines and wrinkles more prominent.


Take the ‘everything in moderation approach to your diet. Try to stick to the recommended daily guidelines for sugar and alcohol. Eat a colourful, varied diet, rich in vitamins and minerals.



Regular exercise is fantastic for the skin.


It improves blood circulation, which can help to deliver oxygen and nutrients to the skin. This promotes collagen production and new skin cells.


Try to incorporate some form of exercise that raises the heart rate into your daily routine.



Leaving your makeup on while you sleep can age your skin. This is because, during the day, your skin is exposed to free radicals which can break down collagen and cause fine lines and wrinkles. Sleeping with your makeup on, seals these free radicals onto the surface of the skin, all night.


Harsh skincare products can damage your skin as they tend to strip your natural skin barrier and make your skin dehydrated and irritated.


Take your makeup off every day, before you go to bed. Make sure that you cleanse your skin daily, using a double cleanse technique whenever you can. Choose gentle products for your skin type, and avoid harsh washes, scrubs, and wipes. Check out my other skincare blog posts. You might also find reading skin doesn’t need to be perfect; it needs to be healthy useful too.


In conclusion, reducing premature aging should be approached in a number of different way.

I hope these tips have helped. If you’d like to learn more about how to slow down your skin’s ageing process, please book a consultation.